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Curriculum 2-3 Years

Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS)

The EYFS sets the standards that all early years providers must meet to ensure that children learn and develop well and are kept healthy and safe.

It promotes teaching and learning to ensure 'school readiness' and gives children the broad range of knowledge and skills that provide the right foundation for good future progress through school and life.

It is based on 7 main areas of learning and development:

    Prime Areas

  • Communication and language
  • Physical development
  • Personal, social and emotional development

  • Specific Areas

  • Literacy
  • Mathematics
  • Understanding the World
  • Expressive Arts and Design
Children develop quickly in the early years and a child’s experiences between birth and age five have a major impact on their future life. The EYFS guidelines ensure quality and consistency in all early years settings, so that every child makes good progress and no child gets left behind.

Small child learning to use scissors

Early Years Curriculum - Ages 2-3 yrs

From the age of 2 children are ready for more challenging play. They have bags of energy and are keen to try out new activities.

From 0-2 the focus has been on the 'prime' areas of learning, but at this stage practitioners will build on new skills that your child is developing. Activities will be set up (often on a theme) and independent play will be encouraged to focus on the 4 'specific' areas of learning:


Our 2-year old rooms have cosy book corners, both inside and out (in dry weather), for children to relax and enjoy reading when they feel like it. Our practitioners are also on hand to read aloud to them.

Environments are planned for mark making activities, both indoors and outdoors, including chalkboards, paint, sand and mud.

Each session finishes with circle time, when the children come together to sing new songs and rhymes. These are repeated until children come to recognise and join in with them. Musical instruments, lycra, parachutes and vividly coloured scarves are used as props to enhance the activity and encourage movement and dance. Tidying away at the end becomes part of the activity, bringing in social responsibility and an awareness of others.

Storysacks are used to introduce themes which stimulate children's imagination and increase their understanding of the world around them. These are available for families to take home and your child's key person will give you other ideas to increase home learning opportunities.


Counting games are introduced to help children to learn and recognise numbers. Led activities include using scales to weigh and measure, for example recording and measuring children's growth on a wall.

Expressive Arts and Design

Tables are laid out in the nursery room for children to sit down and draw or paint, or use play dough for modelling.

Other areas are set up for role play activities, with kitchens indoors and out (mud kitchens), play houses, café/dining areas, dressing up clothes, feeding and sleeping areas for dolls, hairdressing salons etc.

Understanding the World

Themed play and small excursions (for example, to the library or the park) introduce children to the local area. The learning is also taking place everywhere in the nursery, including the gardens - with areas laid out for planting and digging; messy play in sand or with water; bells, chimes, pots and pans for music making; toys for stacking or construction. Outdoor play is encouraged to explore the changing seasons and the habitats of birds and animals.

Storysacks, themed weeks or terms and 'Stay & Plays' (parents/carers are invited to come and play with their child at nursery) are used to introduce and build on children's knowledge of other countries and cultures.

All the time your child's key person will continue to make observations and record individual progress in their learning journal. We hope that you will share your own observations with them too, so that activities can be planned to build on new stages in their development.


Department for Education. Stautory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage. Setting the standards for learning, development and care for children from birth to five. Published: 3 March 2017.
EYFS_STATUTORY_FRAMEWORK_2017.pdf. [Accessed 30 October 2017.]

Search Institute 2017. ParentFurther. Understand Ages & Stages [Accessed 30 October 2017.]

Tapestry Online Learning Journal [Accessed 30 October 2017.]

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